The peaceful Singing Revolution, starting in 1987, called for Baltic emancipation from Soviet rule and condemning the Communist regime's illegal takeover. Meanwhile, largely isolated from the rest of Latvia, southern Latgallians adopted Catholicism under Polish/Jesuit influence. Latvia is a unitary state, currently divided into 110 one-level municipalities (Latvian: novadi) and 9 republican cities (Latvian: republikas pilsētas) with their own city council and administration: Daugavpils, Jēkabpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Riga, Valmiera, and Ventspils. As a result, Latvia is running a biocapacity reserve. , The four biggest ports of Latvia are located in Riga, Ventspils, Liepāja and Skulte. Every year more boys are born. The 19th century and beginning of the 20th century is often regarded by Latvians as a classical era of Latvian culture. Chance of snow 50%. Of these, 42% are raised bogs; 49% are fens; and 9% are transitional mires. The total length of its maritime boundary is 498 km (309 mi), which is shared with Estonia, Sweden and Lithuania. Under Swedish and largely German rule, western Latvia adopted Lutheranism as its main religion. , Latvia's national parks are Gauja National Park in Vidzeme (since 1973), Ķemeri National Park in Zemgale (1997), Slītere National Park in Kurzeme (1999), and Rāzna National Park in Latgale (2007). Latvia has established diplomatic relations with 158 countries. Still, today there are 290,660 non-citizens in Latvia, which represent 14.1% of the population. This system also existed before World War II. The borders of historical and cultural regions usually are not explicitly defined and in several sources may vary. Last updated: Sa, 12 Dec, 14:57 GMT. , At the beginning of the 13th century, Germans ruled large parts of what is currently Latvia. There were some spontaneous uprisings by Latvians against the Red Army which helped the Germans. Russian, which was widely spoken during the Soviet period, is still the most widely used minority language by far (in 2011, 34% spoke it at home, including people who were not ethnically Russian). Nov , Latvia has four pronounced seasons of near-equal length. It was a member of the League of Nations (1921–1946). The University of Latvia and Riga Technical University are two major universities in the country, both established on the basis of[clarification needed] Riga Polytechnical Institute and located in Riga.  However, the chiefly consumption-driven growth in Latvia resulted in the collapse of Latvian GDP in late 2008 and early 2009, exacerbated by the global economic crisis, shortage of credit and huge money resources used for the bailout of Parex bank. There are plenty of concerts and cultural events going on during the winter (see Music Festivals in Latvia), and it's always fun to go gallery hopping and shopping in the boutiques of Riga. The average sea temperature around Riga, Latvia in December is 1°C. Average temperatures in winter are reasonably mild, ranging in January from -2.8°C in Liepaja, on the western coast, to … Latvia participates in several NATO Centres of Excellence: Civil-Military Co-operation in the Netherlands, Cooperative Cyber Defence in Estonia and Energy Security in Lithuania. This program allows investors to get Latvia residence permit by investing at least €250,000 in property or in an enterprise with at least 50 employees and an annual turnover of at least €10M.  However, Rail Baltica railway, linking Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw is under construction and is set to be completed in 2026. , Beginning in 2019, instruction in Russian language will be gradually discontinued in private colleges and universities in Latvia, as well as general instruction in Latvian public high schools, except for subjects related to culture and history of the Russian minority, such as Russian language and literature classes.. Throughout all the centuries, however, an actual Latvian state had not been established, so the borders and definitions of who exactly fell within that group are largely subjective.  To maintain and expand industrial production, skilled workers were migrating from all over the Soviet Union, decreasing the proportion of ethnic Latvians in the republic.  Latvia also took part in the US-led Multi-National Force operation in Iraq (2003–2008) and OSCE missions in Georgia, Kosovo and Macedonia.  They developed distinct cultural heritage, characterised by both Latvian and German influences.  In Latvia, the Swedish period is generally remembered as positive; serfdom was eased, a network of schools was established for the peasantry, and the power of the regional barons was diminished. Approximately 30,000 performers altogether participate in the event. The Latvian national football team's only major FIFA tournament participation has been the 2004 UEFA European Championship. "Lettonia" redirects here. Latvian cuisine has been influenced by the neighbouring countries.  The Balts established trade routes to Rome and Byzantium, trading local amber for precious metals. Population by citizenship and ethnicity at the beginning of the year", "Socialinguistica: language and Religion", "Latvia – Country Profile: Human Development Indicators", "History of Latvia - Lonely Planet Travel Information", "Collector Coin Dedicated to 18th Century Riga", "Cēsis, Battle of | International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1)", Patriots or Nazi collaborators?  With the onset of World War II, many Latvian artists and other members of the cultural elite fled the country yet continued to produce their work, largely for a Latvian émigré audience. The country has a temperate seasonal climate. For each destination, Easyvoyage's weather tool gives you temperature and rainfall indicators, along with wind force and direction and sunrise/sunset times. In 2014, Riga was the European Capital of Culture, the euro was introduced as the currency of the country and a Latvian was named vice-president of the European Commission.  Some managed to escape arrest and joined the partisans.  The largest groups as of 2011[update] were: In the Eurobarometer Poll 2010, 38% of Latvian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", while 48% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 11% stated that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force". There are usually 20 days with some rain in Riga, Latvia in December and the average monthly rainfall is 49mm. Summers have average temperatures of around 19 °C (66 °F), with extremes of 35 °C (95 °F). Sunrise: 08:55; … Another notable language of Latvia is the nearly extinct Livonian language of the Finnic branch of the Uralic language family, which enjoys protection by law; Latgalian – as a dialect of Latvian is also protected by Latvian law but as a historical variation of the Latvian language. , The 2012 Environmental Performance Index ranks Latvia second, after Switzerland, based on the environmental performance of the country's policies. Accurate live weather forecasts, monthly weather averages and beautiful live and archived HD webcam footage let you see every season, every sunrise, sunset and rainbow in Riga, Latvia .  The racially approved being resettled mainly in Poland, being given land and businesses in exchange for the money they had received from the sale of their previous assets.:46. , The Saeima, Latvia's parliament, was again elected in 1993. After centuries of Swedish, Polish-Lithuanian and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away from the Russian Empire and declared independence in the aftermath of World War I. How sunny is it in Latvia in December? The only other airport handling regular commercial flights is Liepāja International Airport. Currently, VEF Rīga, which competes in EuroCup, is the strongest professional basketball club in Latvia. Representing 10.2% of Latvia's total foreign direct investment, American companies invested $127 million in 1999. In 1944, when Soviet military advances reached Latvia, heavy fighting took place in Latvia between German and Soviet troops, which ended in another German defeat. Latgalia, the easternmost region of Latvia, became a part of the Inflanty Voivodeship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Humidity: 80%. In 2012, 45.0% of births were to unmarried women. Weather in February »  Since 1996 more than 3600 military personnel have participated in international operations, of whom 7 soldiers perished. , Latvia operates Inčukalns underground gas storage facility, one of the largest underground gas storage facilities in Europe and the only one in the Baltic states. View Full Yearly Averages . In Boxing, Mairis Briedis is the first Latvian to win a boxing world title, having held the WBC cruiserweight title from 2017 to 2018, and the WBO cruiserweight title in 2019. Rating agency Standard & Poor's raised its outlook on Latvia's debt from negative to stable. New industry was created in Latvia, including a major machinery factory RAF in Jelgava, electrotechnical factories in Riga, chemical factories in Daugavpils, Valmiera and Olaine—and some food and oil processing plants. Weather in Riga for a month, 30 days weather forecast for Riga, Riga, Latvia. Common ingredients in Latvian recipes are found locally, such as potatoes, wheat, barley, cabbage, onions, eggs, and pork. Latvia is part of the Schengen Area and joined the Eurozone on 1 January 2014. By the spring of 1919, there were actually three governments: the Provisional government headed by Kārlis Ulmanis, supported by Tautas padome and the Inter-Allied Commission of Control; the Latvian Soviet government led by Pēteris Stučka, supported by the Red Army; and the Provisional government headed by Andrievs Niedra and supported by the Baltische Landeswehr and the German Freikorps unit Iron Division. Latvians march to commemorate SS veterans, "Opinion | Latvia opens its KGB archives — while Russia continues to whitewash its past", "Stories of Statelessness: Latvia and Estonia – IBELONG", "Emotion and Blame in Collective Action: Russian Voice in Kyrgyzstan and Latvia", "Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey 2012 Buildings, roads and other artificial areas cover 5% of the EU …and forests 40%", "Gauja National Park travel – Lonely Planet", "2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI)", "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012-2018", "Латвийская более или менее официальная символика", Constitution of the Republic of Latvia with amendments and revisions, "Diplomatic and Consular Representations", "A foreign policy based on co-operation and constructive engagement", "Estonian Chairmanship of the Baltic Council of Ministers in 2011", "Co-operation of Baltic and Nordic States", "Nordic-Baltic mobility programme for public administration", "Nordic-Baltic Mobility and Network Programme for Business and Industry", "Nordic Council of Ministers' Office in Latvia", "Nordic Council of Ministers is looking for a Senior Adviser to run the Secretariat of Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture", "Enhanced Partnership in Northern Europe (e-PINE)", "The Economist Intelligence Unit's Index of Democracy 2008", "Statistics of the Human Development Report", Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Latvia. Aug In the course of the war, both occupying forces conscripted Latvians into their armies, in this way increasing the loss of the nation's "live resources".  It is among the lowest-ranked healthcare systems in Europe, due to excessive waiting times for treatment, insufficient access to the latest medicines, and other factors. , Coastal regions, especially the western coast of the Courland Peninsula, possess a more maritime climate with cooler summers and milder winters, while eastern parts exhibit a more continental climate with warmer summers and harsher winters. However, by 2010, commentators noted signs of stabilisation in the Latvian economy.  In April 2010 Latvia had the highest unemployment rate in the EU, at 22.5%, ahead of Spain, which had 19.7%.. Latvia has ratified the international Washington, Bern, and Ramsare conventions. Ice hockey is usually considered the most popular sport in Latvia. The weather and climate of Latvia is suitable for a winter sports.. A History of Rome, M Cary and HH Scullard, p455-457, Macmillan Press. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Riga, Rīga, Latvia. Jan , German crusaders were sent, or more likely decided to go on their own accord as they were known to do. Summer starts in June and lasts until August. Take a look at the seven-day weather forecast for the principal cities inLatvia. Feb During the Soviet era, music became increasingly popular, with the most popular being songs from the 1980s. 'The publication, which followed two decades of public debate and the passage of a special law, revealed the names, code names, birthplaces and other data on active and former KGB agents as of 1991, the year Latvia regained its independence from the Soviet Union. , Several important cultural changes occurred during this time. airBaltic is the Latvian flag carrier airline and a low-cost carrier with hubs in all three Baltic States, but main base in Riga, Latvia. Latvia's highest point is Gaiziņkalns, 311.6 m (1,022 ft).  In total 50,000 Baltic Germans left by the deadline of December 1939, with 1,600 remaining to conclude business and 13,000 choosing to remain in Latvia.  Non-marine molluscs of Latvia include 159 species. However, universal citizenship for all permanent residents was not adopted. Riga's boulevards and some streets outside the Old Town date from this period. The secretariat of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture (NDPC) will be located in Riga. Good news: It is not ideal 100%, but the weather in Latvia in september should be quite good in Daugavpils, Liepaja, Ventspils, Jurmala and Riga. The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.61 children born/woman, which is lower than the replacement rate of 2.1. , In the 19th century, Latvian nationalist movements emerged. Latvian armed forces have contributed to NATO and EU military operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1996–2009), Albania (1999), Kosovo (2000–2009), Macedonia (2003), Iraq (2005–2006), Afghanistan (since 2003), Somalia (since 2011) and Mali (since 2013). Light snow changing to cloudy in the afternoon. Severe spells of winter weather with cold winds, extreme temperatures of around −30 °C (−22 °F) and heavy snowfalls are common. The last month of the winter, February, is another freezing cold month in Riga, Latvia, with average temperature fluctuating between -7.6°C (18.3°F) and -1.7°C (28.9°F).In Riga, the average high-temperature is relatively the same as in January - a still subzero cold -1.7°C (28.9°F). Latvia (/ˈlɑːtviə/ or /ˈlætviə/ (listen); Latvian: Latvija [ˈlatvija]), officially known as the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Republika), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.  Latvia, then a puppet government, was headed by Augusts Kirhenšteins. The president is elected by the Saeima in a separate election, also held every four years. Snowfall is common in the winter months.  Kenneth Orchard, senior analyst at Moody's Investors Service argued that: The strengthening regional economy is supporting Latvian production and exports, while the sharp swing in the current account balance suggests that the country's 'internal devaluation' is working. They promoted Latvian culture and encouraged Latvians to take part in cultural activities. New airline routes & holiday destinations for 2021, Your ultimate guide to 14 major Baltic & Nordic ports, Beyond caffeine: the fascinating coffee cultures of the world, Kiwi.com: Book flexible flight, train & bus tickets, VRBO: Holiday rentals with free cancellation, Booking.com sale: at least 30% off UK hotels, Where to go in 2021: Top destinations to rediscover travel, Where to go on holiday in February for the best weather, Where to book family holidays with free child places, Where to go on holiday in January for the best weather, coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Latvia, Travelzoo: Top offers with fully refundable vouchers, Green Motion: up to 25% off with loyalty programme, Save on hotels, restaurants, spas & more with Travelzoo, Book online with fully refundable vouchers, Filter vouchers by theme, price, type & more, Become a Green Motion loyalty member for FREE, Save up to 25% on future car rentals + extra offers, Discount varies by membership tier & number of rentals. Latvian non-citizens and the citizenship debates", "Latvia: Investigate Attacks on Gay Activists", "Participation in International operations", "US-led coalition forces operation in OIF (Operation Iraqi Freedom)", "Dombrovskis and US Ambassador Garber visit Riga Airport to inspect cargo plane to Afghanistan", "One year on: ISAF's trans-European supply routes are a success", "NATO opens new communication lines to Afghanistan", "Nordic Military Alliance With Latvia in Afghanistan", "V.Dombrovskis: Latvia sees the opportunity to strengthen NATO's strategic communication capability", "Baltic Defence Ministers announced new defence cooperation initiatives", "Nordic Countries Invite Baltics to Join Defence Co-operation Framework", "Joint Baltic Military Staff to Be Established", "Turpina pieaugt iedzīvotāju atbalsts eiro ieviešanai", "Rimsevics: Failing to bail out Parex banka would result in closing down of four banks in Latvia", "Latvian GDP Shrank 18% in First Quarter, EU's Biggest Fall –", "Agreement between the United States of America and the Republic of Latvia on Trade Relations and Intellectual Property Rights Protection", "Statistical Office of the European Commission (Eurostat), Monthly Bulletin: Table in chapter 09, section 01", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "UPDATE 2-IMF hails Latvia effort but sees risks ahead", "IMF Executive Board Concludes First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia, July 16, 2012", "Satiksmes ceļu garums gada beigās (kilometros)", "Reģistrēto automobiļu skaits ceturkšņa beigās", "The Outlook of Latvian Potential Underground Gas Storages and Prospects of Utilization of this Potential for Securing of Reliable Gas Supply to Europe", "TSG11-06. The climate is far different from that of Labrador, however, because of the effect of the Gulf Stream flowing across the Atlantic Ocean from Mexico. World War I devastated the territory of what became the state of Latvia, and other western parts of the Russian Empire. , Phytogeographically, Latvia is shared between the Central European and Northern European provinces of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. Since then, it has been amended and is still in effect in Latvia today. Daytime temperatures usually reach 0°C in Riga, Latvia in December, falling to -5°C at night. It has 44 diplomatic and consular missions and maintains 34 embassies and 9 permanent representations abroad. On occasions, especially in 1944, opposing Latvian troops faced each other in battle.:299. The Weather In Latvia At A Glance . Latvia is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy  and ranks 39th in the Human Development Index. , Between the 13th and 19th centuries, Baltic Germans, many of whom were originally of non-German ancestry but had been assimilated into German culture, formed the upper class.  The first laws and regulations were promulgated in the 16th and 17th centuries.  In 2011, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities "urged Latvia to allow non-citizens to vote in municipal elections. The private sector accounted for nearly 68% of the country's GDP in 2000. Eager to join Western economic institutions like the World Trade Organization, OECD, and the European Union, Latvia signed a Europe Agreement with the EU in 1995—with a 4-year transition period. , The IMF concluded the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia in July 2012 announcing that Latvia's economy has been recovering strongly since 2010, following the deep downturn in 2008–09. 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