aila cyclone in west bengal 2009

The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. Villagers rebuild an embankment after it got washed away by a tidal wave caused by cyclone Aila in Sundarbans delta, southeast of the eastern Indian city of Kolkata June 3, 2009. One person drowned in Digha after being swept away by high waters. [28] Total losses amounted to 89.46 billion taka (US$1 billion). Rediff News. [22] Several streets were flooded and some homes were reported to have standing water. On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. Dozens of the tigers are feared to have drowned in Aila's storm surge along with deer and crocodiles. [16] During May 22 the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early the next day by the JTWC as the low level circulation center had become stronger and more defined. [30] The next day it strengthened to become Cyclonic Storm Ward. Cyclone Aila … 1. [6], In the Bhola District of Bangladesh, an estimated 500,000 people evacuated to higher areas and shelters as Aila neared landfall. No injuries were reported in the state. [30] A storm surge of 3 m (10 ft) impacted western regions of Bangladesh, submerging numerous villages. During the next day as the Depression turned towards the northeast, the IMD reported that it had intensified into a Cyclonic Storm and named it Phyan. However, later on June 26, Depression ARB 02 dissipated completely. At least 500 homes were also damaged in the area. Impact Evaluation of the Post Aila Recovery Project in Sundarbans, West Bengal, India: Executive Summary. Cyclonic Storm Laila was the first cyclonic storm to affect southeastern India in May since the 1990 Andhra Pradesh cyclone.The first tropical cyclone of the annual season, Laila developed on May 17 in the Bay of Bengal from a persistent area of convection.Strengthening as it tracked northwestward, it became a severe cyclonic storm on May 19. [14], Cyclonic Storm Phyan developed as a tropical disturbance to the southwest of Colombo in Sri Lanka late on November 4, 2009. A relatively strong tropical cyclone, it caused extensive damage in India and Bangladesh. [1][2] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organized area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. Early on June 25 at 0900 UTC, the remnants of Depression ARB 01 emerged into the Arabian Sea, and intensified into Depression ARB 02. [14], Early on July 20, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression BOB 03 had formed about 120 km (75 miles) to the southeast of Digha. On average, 4 to 6 storms form in this basin every season. 125 crore (US$26.3 million). [31] After wandering some time to the east of Sri Lanka, the system made landfall near Trincomalee on December 14 as a Deep Depression. Cyclone victims wait across a damaged bridge at Akshaynagar in the Sundarbans delta, about 100 km (62 miles) south from the eastern Indian city of Kolkata, May 26, 2009. KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. In Chandpur, two pontoons sank while docked in port. Additionally the forest remains under an estimated 2.4 m (7.9 ft) of water. [10][11] More than 15,000 people in eight villages were reportedly isolated from relief crews by severe flooding. The aftermath of devastating cyclone Aila that ravaged large parts of the West Bengal delta May 25 could cause lasting ecological damage to the Sundarbans, the world`s largest mangrove forest, experts fear. Climatologically, the formation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal at this time of the year is rare. "Rains, however, will … Cyclone Aila spawned from a deep depression in the Bay of Bengal to hit West Bengal on Monday leaving twenty three persons dead. [7] Dozens of people are reportedly missing throughout the country. Numerous houses were destroyed by the subsequent flooding and tens of thousands of people were left stranded in the villages. [16] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. Cyclone Aila has reported claimed the lives of three in West Bengal. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. A Local Cautionary Signal Number Three was issued for the Gopalpur, Puri, Paradeep and Chandabali ports. This is a table of the storms in 2009 and their landfall(s), if any; the table does not include storms that did not make landfall, which is defined as the center of the storm moving over a landmass. The damage impact assessment carried out by the government of West Bengal and … However the coastal areas recorded 75 km/hr winds. 1.2 million (US$17,143) and 1,000 tonnes of rice for the affected areas. RSMC New Delhi then reported later that morning that Depression ARB 01 had formed and was expected to intensify into a Deep Depression before making landfall, however the depression did not intensify any further before making landfall on the south Gujarat coast near Diu. [9] [20] During the next day it developed further with the IMD reporting that the low pressure area had become well marked with deep convection starting to consolidate around a developing low level circulation center in an area of moderate vertical wind shear. • Hasan, M., (july, 2010). 12.3 million (US$175,714) and 2,500 tonnes of rice. Over 5.1 million people have been affected in 16 districts of West Bengal. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image of Aila on May 25, 2009, the same day that the storm temporarily strengthened to a Category 1 cyclone.Aila almost completely fills this scene, stretching from the Bay of Bengal deep into India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low. [24] Across 11 of the nation's 64 districts, approximately 600,000 thatched homes, 8,800 km (5,500 mi) of roads, 1,000 km (620 mi) of embankments, and 123,000 hectares (300,000 acres) of land were damaged or destroyed. 006", "RSMC New Delhi Advisory of Depression Bijli on April 17, 2009 at 1400 UTC", "Final JTWC Advisory of Tropical Cyclone 01B on April 17, 2009 at 2100 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Lightning claims eight lives in Gujarat", "Nine killed by lightning strikes across state", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 0900 UTC", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 1000 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-09-04 12z", "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert 2009-09-05 00z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 03z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 06z", "Tropical Cyclone Warning 2009-09-05 09z", http://metnet.imd.gov.in/mausamdocs/26313.pdf, "Depression over southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Cyclonic storm WARD over the southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Deep depression crossed Sri Lanka coast near Trincomalee", 2000–2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_North_Indian_Ocean_cyclone_season&oldid=997779797, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 05:24. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which … [26][27] However the IMD kept issuing advisories on the deep depression until early on September 7, when the IMD reported that it had weakened into a depression and then into a well marked low pressure area later that day when they stopped issuing advisories on the depression whilst it was located over Jharkhand and adjoining region of Chhattisgarh. Cyclone Aila exposes Left. [25][26] Approximately 9.3 million people were affected by the cyclone, of which 1 million were rendered homeless. During last year’s Cyclone Bulbul, the city escaped any major damage. Numerous villages were either completely submerged in floodwaters or destroyed. Around 43 people lost their lives in the state of Orissa. A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. Cyclone AILA, West Bengal India - ACT responds Source. Sutrapada in Gujarat received 250 mm rainfall in 48 hours between 24 & 25 June.[14]. It is moving in a northerly direction and will weaken gradually, Regional Meteorological Centre Director G C Debnath, said. The team visited the two most affected blocks of North and South Parganas namely Higalganj and Gosaba extensively. Several rivers broke through embankments, causing widespread inland flooding. Cyclone Bulbul: At Ground Zero of Aila, a decadal loss comes to haunt villagers amid sliver of hope Ten years ago, he had lost his mud house and about 100 cottah land in cyclone Aila, which wrecked havoc in South 24 Parganas district in 2009, killing 149 people in the state. The death toll due to Monday's havoc caused by Cyclone Aila in West Bengal rose to 45 on Tuesday. [7] Later that morning RSMC New Delhi reported that the depression had intensified into a deep depression and reported it was expected to intensify into Cyclonic Storm Bijli. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. Early on September 3, the IMD reported that an area of low pressure had formed embedded within the monsoon off the Orissa coastline. [8] Around 1500 UTC, the RSMC New Delhi upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the name Bijli. "The cyclone, now lying stationery 50 km west of Kolkata, hit West Bengal coast at 1:30 pm near Sagar Island. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . Keywords: Destructive landslides, cyclone Aila, reckless construction, community outlets, frequent digging, physical changes in slope character. Rainfall amounts peaked at 213.4 mm (8.40 in) and winds reached 60 km/h (37 mph). State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. The last time the city was majorly affected by a cyclone was when it was hit by the “the tail” of Aila in 2009. Only ten cyclones have developed over the Bay of Bengal during 1891-2008.[14]. [21][22] Early on September 5, as the area of low pressure was moving into an area of low vertical windshear the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, whilst the IMD reported that the low pressure area had intensified into a Depression. The maximum winds of 68 km/h were reported in Pune at the time of landfall. The Deep Depression gradually weakened before becoming a low pressure area early the next day. [1] During May 22, 2009, the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone a Cyclonic storm and had been named as Aila whilst located about 350 kilometres (220 mi) to the southeast of Sagar Island. “Remember that Aila had struck at high tide. Following Cyclone Aila, a block of Sundarban area, West Bengal, India, reported an increased number of diarrhoea cases at the end of May 2009. [31] The government later allocated Tk. The tenor of Aila, the cyclone that ravaged the Sunderbans 11 years ago, was different. The Cyclone crossed the West Bengal coast close to the east of Sagar Island between 0800 & 0900 UTC as a severe cyclonic storm on 25 May. [25][26] However the JTWC's first warning was also their final warning as the cyclone had made landfall near Digha in West Bengal and was expected to dissipate later that day. ACT; Posted ... 26 May 2009. [43] Officials feared that the outbreak would lead to many fatalities in isolated areas that have not received aid and have been without food and clean water for nearly a week. The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. It was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidr in November 2007. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image of Aila on May 25, 2009, the same day that the storm temporarily strengthened to a Category 1 cyclone.Aila almost completely fills this scene, stretching from the Bay of Bengal deep into India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). About 2,500 troops were deployed to West Bengal on May 26, 2009. Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed before weakening as it made landfall on Southern India on November 7. The North Indian Ocean cyclone season has no official bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. [45], Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila at peak intensity. Tourists were advised to stay in their hotels due to the short amount of time to prepare for the storm. Multispectral imagery showed that the disturbance had a developing low level circulation center with convection flaring over it and was in an area of low vertical wind shear. The Food and Disaster Management Ministry said Cyclone Aila had killed 113 people in Bangladesh, and a government official in West Bengal state … [37] Roughly 100 relief camps were established in West Bengal shortly after the storm passed. Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warnin… KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. Cyclone Aila has been described as a benchmark of Bangladesh's success in implementation of effective disaster management system. The aftermath of devastating cyclone Aila that ravaged large parts of the West Bengal delta May 25 could cause lasting ecological damage to the Sundarbans, the world`s largest mangrove forest, experts fear. [14] At least 100 river embankments were breached by storm surge produced by the cyclone. All transit systems in the city of Kolkata were halted and daily life was at a standstill due to the storm. The Government of Bangladesh was praised domestically and internationally for its implementation of effective disaster management projects that have reduced death tolls in Cyclone Aila and future cyclones that have struck the country it since. At least two people have been confirmed to have died from diarrhea and two other fatalities were reported. [13] Late on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Depression ex-Bijli had made landfall near Chittagong, Bangladesh and had rapidly become an area of low pressure over Bangladesh. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. There was no information from the coastal Cyclone Aila Women struggle with their umbrellas against a strong wind and rain in Kolkata after the cyclone hit the state districts, where extensive damage was feared, IAN reported. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . This study was performed to identify the agent and source of the outbreak as well as to propose control measures. [32] An estimated 58,950 animals were killed by the storm with up to 50,000 deer missing. [11] Around 0600 UTC, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had reached its peak intensity with winds of 75 km/h (45 mph 3-minute winds). This study was performed to identify the agent and source of the outbreak as well as to propose control measures. [6] Early the next morning the JTWC reported that the depression had intensified into a tropical storm and designated it as Cyclone 01B. [35], State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. As a result, it did not have any significant impact on rainfall, except over Saurashtra & Kutch. 'Even before the Left could come to terms with the disastrous results of the Lok Sabha election, Cyclone Aila wreaked havoc in West Bengal… West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee slammed the IMD for its failure to inform the state government about the direction of Cyclone Aila9. 22.50N/long. The Deputy Commissioner of Satkhira district allocated ten tonnes of rice and Tk.100,000 (US$1,450) in immediate relief funds for that district. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening.It has battered several parts of the state, washing away … The storm tracked towards the west-northwest due to a mid-level ridge over India. [41] These amounts further increased to Tk. Another outbreak of water borne diseases, namely dysentery, has infected over 3,000 people. Nearly 20 days after Cyclone Amphan made a landfall in south West Bengal, a remote village in Sundarbans, Uttar Chandanpiri, remained a tell-tale of the cyclone’s fury.While mud houses were flattened out, brick houses and embankments made after 2009 Cyclone Aila stood the ground. [16] At least 50,000 hectares of agricultural land was lost during the storm, costing an estimated Rs. The JTWC then cancelled their Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, with the IMD issuing their final advisory later that day. A maximum wind gust of 112 km/h was recorded in Kalaikunda in West Bengal. [14], The remnants of this storm caused heavy to very heavy downpours in coastal Pakistan.[19]. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. Late on May 21, the JTWC reported that a Tropical Disturbance had persisted about 515 nm to the south of Kolkata, India. Mangrol in Gujarat recorded 130 mm of rainfall on 27 June. Despite warnings to remain at port, numerous fishing vessels sailed into the storm. [36] Several naval relief teams were deployed to the Sunderbans region where an estimated 400,000 people were marooned by flooding. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. 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