hindu population in karnataka

[28] The Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi village is one of the oldest temples in Karnataka dating to the 9th century. The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. Under the Bhakti movement, Vishnu and Shiva were the main focus of devotion by both Lingayat and Brahminical communities. Their successors, the Rashtrakuta created master piece temples further favoring Dravidian concepts. [9][10] Following the 12th century, various invading Islamic armies established sultanates in this area such as the Bahamani sultanate of Bidar (1347–1510) and the Adilshahi dynasty of the Bijapur Sultanate (1490–1686). The marriage hall was built by the Hoysalas in the 13th century and a wall of the second complex was built by the Vijayanagar kings. Hussain and Hasan have been co-opted in the pantheon of Hindu gods of the region. There are also some Protestants found in Karnataka. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. Many temples were built with chlorite stones or soapstones and the architecture which evolved was called the Hoysala architecture, known for architectural detailing. As he grew up, he became a valiant warrior and was sent to conquer South India for the Sultanate. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [5] In the 12th century, Lingayatism emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. Karnataka, state of India, located on the western coast of the subcontinent. Lucknow: At Mohammad Wali, an area in Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, a 42-year-old Hindu woman has filed a police complaint against Mohammad Saeed, 27, under the state’s new anti-conversion law. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and many of them have contributed richly to the growth of Hinduism, its temple culture and social development. 2. During the invasion by Bahmani Sultanate (Muslim rulers), Harihara was captured and was converted to Islam, thus becoming an outcast among Hindu religionists. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam. Allama was instrumental in prompting bhakti cult through his poems in Kannada language among Shiva worshipers. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. Leading figures of the movement such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. Karnataka’s literacy rate has increased from 66.64 per cent. Later the Vijayanagar Empire would incorporate all these various styles and create a unique blend called Vijayanagar style, This monumental work covers all castes in all the states of the then British India; the Bombay state covered the region from Sind in the north (now in Pakistan) to Mysore State (now Karnataka) in the south. This was the period of evolution of Hindu architecture. Category:Hindu temples in Karnataka. [9] Ligayats hold a considerable sway in Karnataka to this day. Karnataka, with a total population of 61,100,000, is one of the major states in South India. Approximately 35,000 people are tested per million population in Karnataka, which is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. [citation needed]. Hoysaleswara Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva as the family deity of the Hoysalas. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. This was an enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded. It was believed that Allama was incarnate of Lord Shiva and hence he was given the epithet 'Prabhu' which was suffixed to his name. They are mostly descended from Goan Catholics and Orthodox Christian's who immigrated from Goa in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Bhakti movement, of Hindu origin, is devoted to the worship of Shiva and Vishnu; it had a telling impact on the sociocultural ethos of Karnataka from the 12th century onwards. The capital is Bengaluru. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. [5] In recent times, Buddhism thrives here and calls Dzogchen monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan refugee camps as home. [1] The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. Both Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. St. Mary's Basilica is the only basilica in Karnataka and the oldest church in Bangalore. Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. Christianity arrived in Karnataka between 1500-1600 CE with the Portuguese. Karnataka has seen a steady decline in poverty since 1994. Though killed by the British in 1799, Tippu Sultan was one of the only Indian leaders to defeat the British in battle,[11] which made him as an iconic leader among the people in the modern era. Haridasas are still popular and the songs scripted by many of the earlier Haridasas are very popular. In the 12th century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka across the Deccan. Though Hindus and Muslims comprise a majority of the population in India, Christmas is a national holiday celebrated with much fanfare. Their worship is devoted to various forms of Lord Vishnu or Hari. The earliest temple built was in 450AD which had a square mandapa (pavilion) and a tower (shikara) above the image of the main deity. His poems were totally devotional and expressed in his status of achieving detachment from rituals. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Karnataka Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Karnataka has population of 6.11 Crores, an increase from figure of 5.29 Crore in 2001 census. They built a large number of Hindu temples, some of which are still extant. These developments have reinforced the "Householder tradition", which is of disciplined domesticity, though the saints who propagated Hinduism in the state and in the country were themselves ascetics. The unique features of this style comprise a central hall linked to three star shaped shrines, and the temple towers are laid in horizontal tiers. According to the 2011 census, 84.00% of the state's population practices Hinduism. [13] The main spoken language of Muslims in Karnataka is a dialect called dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others. [10] The devotional movement in Hinduism is divine grace and is known as the Bhakti movement. [26], Other temples built are in a blend of Nagara style (north Indian architecture) and Dravidian architecture, also called as Vadara style. Dedicated to Shiva, it has two sanctum sanctorums and the deities are in the form of lingas named Hoysaleshvara and Shantaleshvara, after the king and queen. It has various land features, that is in coastal region you will find numerous coconut trees and beautiful beaches and in the interior with mountains, valleys and farmlands. The great saint Madhvacharya (1238-1317 AD), proponent of dvaita philosophy and Raghavendra Swami were born here. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. This land came under Mughal rule in the 17th century under Aurangzeb's rule. Many of them are of local origin. The population of India is divided into several groups based on social, educational, and financial statuses. The community which currently forms 17 per cent of Karnataka’s population is understandably a major vote bank for political parties. Muslims introduced coffee, and the paper industry to the local economy. Watch Queue Queue. The walls of the temple have been carved with scenes of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita epics; they are crafted on the external and internal walls, with Yabancharya named as the architect. These became forerunners for later period Hindu temples and resulted in the evolution of Hindu medieval temple architecture. [7], Christianity reached Karnataka in the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545. Buddhism was once popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". [4] In the past, Jainism dominated Hinduism. Religion in Karnataka has played a very important role in shaping modern Indian religions and philosophy. Jain influence on literature and philosophy is particularly evident. Northern Karnataka (especially in the area formerly ruled by the Princely State of Hyderabad) such as Gulbarga, Bidar, Bijapur, Raichur and Dharwad. [6] At least 30% of the population may have been Jains during the time of the, Fearing persecution by the Cholas who were staunch, Encyclopaedia of India: Karnataka, Pran Nath Chopra (1992), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Karnataka&oldid=979567650, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 13:30. [12][13] The basic tenet of this philosophy, propounded from the 12th century by the Virashaiva school or Virashaivism, was opposition to the caste system, rejection of the supremacy of the Brahmins, abhorrence to ritual sacrifice, and insistence on Bhakti and the worship of the one God, Shiva. The districts bordering Kerala. This period is the beginning of Hindu rock cut architecture, both in stand alone and cave temple idioms, numerous examples of which exist in Pattadakal, Aihole and Badami - (Badami Cave Temples). However the British conversion was voluntary and not compulsory as Portuguese was in most cases. However, an analysis of the Census 2011 religion-wise figures released in August 2015 indicates that the Hindu population in Hyderabad stands at 20.46 lakh, while … Hinduism is the third largest religion of the world and the most observed religious traditions of India. Muslims make up 14.2% of the population, according to the most recent nationwide census, up from 13.4%, as the Hindu population has fallen to 79.8% from 80.5% in 2001. [25] Hampi is another great city of the medieval period where the Vijayanagara empire flourished between 1336 and 1565 and held sway over most of the Indian peninsula; this city was sacked by the invading Muslim army in 1565. But, one-fifth of the state’s population is still poor, growth is modest and consumption inequality is among the highest in the country. In addition, the Nizams of Hyderabad ruled over large parts of Northeastern Karnataka. Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Nearly 17% population of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect. It is the largest religion in Karnataka, the southwest Indian state. The Shaiva Siddhanta, which was practiced in Tamil Nadu and which included tantric practices also formed the base line for the Lingayat religion. [12] The Kalamukha were a sub-sect of the Lakula Sect, who had lot of influence over the people. ... (AP) Night curfew in Bengaluru, Karnataka … [12] But their religious ethos was not to the liking of other Hindu groups. Bangalore has a large number of Catholics as well as Protestant people. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. [6] This was to form the basis of the Lingayat faith[7] and its followers, the Lingayats, account for 17% of the total population of 65 million in Karnataka. According to the Census of 2011, the population of Karnataka is 83 percent Hindus, 12.2 percent Muslims, 3.1 percent Christians, 0.8 percent Jains, 0.7 percent Buddhist and less than 0.1 percent Sikhs. He was patronized by Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. The decline in COVID-19 mortality and positivity rate continued in Mysuru during December even though the active case load did not witness a corresponding reduction during the period. They painted their faces with a black streak and were contemporary to another sect known as Kapalikas. But he decided to establish his own kingdom and reconverted to Hinduism, an indication of religious tolerance that was prevalent during the medieval period; there was no opposition from the orthodoxy. He was given the name Vishnuvardhana by Ramanuja, one of the three eminent social reformers and religious heads of Hinduism who consecrated the Hoysaleswara Temple built in 1121. Islam, which had an early presence in the west coast of India as early as the 10th century gained a foothold in Karnataka with the arrival of the Bahmani Sultanate and Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled parts of Karnataka. They were also opposed to asceticism like the Lingayats. [22] Dorasamudra, known as Halebid, was the dynastic capital. [27] One depiction of Vishnu in the state dates back to the 6th century. It was during the reign of the Hoysalas that the temple architecture reached its epoch and gained recognition as an independent style called (Henry Ferguson, Percy Brown) owing to its many unique features. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". [18], During the British Raj the caste classification of the Hindu religion, in their proper hierarchical order, was done in the late 19th century and a publication titled Castes and Tribes of Southern India was published. the best examples of which are in the vast open air theater of monuments at Hampi. According to figures of the religion census of 2011, yet to be officially released, Hindus comprised 78.35 per cent of the total population of 121.05 crore, compared with 80.45 per cent of the total population in 2001. The founder of this movement was Naraharitirtha, a devout Madhva follower. However, there were two sects in this group one who wanted the Sanskrit language to be followed, the Vyasakuta and the Dasakuta. Karnataka is a state in Southern India and has Bangalore as its capital. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities Although seven of the U.K. returnees have been found to be positive for the new variant of SARS-CoV-2, Karnataka is unlikely to witness a surge beyond what it … The architectural style introduced during this period were rock cut architecture in the form of cave temples (chaitya) which comprised an enclosed courtyard called vihara. They collected funds for their temples and mathas (monastic centers). Spread of Sanskrit in South India as a basic Hindu religious language is evidenced in a stone pillar inscription dated between 455 and 470 AD in Talagunda in Shivamogga district of the state. The 2,290,000-strong Hindu population of the United States and the 835,418 Hindus living in the United Kingdom are mostly the result of workforce migrations of the last hundred years. Watch Queue Queue Muslims also have modestly higher levels of progress in terms of education and wealth in Karnataka (as in the rest of South India) than in states of North India, as they are comparatively given more opportunities than their North Indian counterparts.[15]. Even villages that have no Muslim population celebrate the event. [4] Shravanabelgola, Moodabidri, and Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. It has an enormous Nandi, the mount of Shiva. The Empires and Kingdoms that came to rule from Karnataka were prolific builders. Notably, a Twitter handle called ‘True Indology’ was also suspended after its account holder got into a war of words with the IPS officer over the origin of firecrackers. A four-time corporator and AIMIM leader, Sunnam Raj Mohan, said Puranapul was developed with about Rs 26 crore in the past five years. Karnataka doesn't have a very long coastline, but has some of the most beautiful beach… The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, and stayed in Karnataka from 1098–1122. Before the start of this movement, the Bhakti tradition had taken deep roots in Tamil Nadu which permeated to Karnataka. [2] Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. While the first complex houses three deities, the second complex consists of a huge and majestic kalyani or pond. Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. 3. [16], Another bhakthi movement established in the 13th century was of Haridasas, a devotional group of saints who formed the group under the same name, and who were Vaishnavites of the Dwiata philosophy. This land only became part of Karnataka after the passing of the 1956 States Reorganisation Act. There are 15 million in Maharashtra, 10 million in Karnataka, 8 million in Telangana, and 5 million in Tamil Nadu who associate themselves with the Lingayat religion. [11] Basava (1106–1167), also called Basavanna, protested against caste system and was for equality among all classes. A Global Hindu Heritage. Most of their temples in Karnataka are scattered over northern Karnataka districts. Hinduism is the largest religion in Karnataka, followed by Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam and Sikhism. [14], On the other hand, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka. This video is unavailable. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. [18] Traditions of Hinduism are practiced in both Sanskrit (considered a superior language) and vernacular languages. Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. He first lived in Tondanur and then shifted to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised math (religious centre)[2] were established. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. [3] Leading figures of the movement, such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu, established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. It is also here where the current day Dzogchen Monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan Refugee camps are set up and the Tibetans are very well absorbed in the Kannadiga culture. Its coastline stretches for some 200 miles. Jainism had a stronghold in Karnataka in the early medieval period at Shravanabelagola as its most important centre. Fearing persecution from the Tamil CholasRamanujacharya fled Tamil Nadu and came to Karnataka during the rule of the Hoysala dynasty and preached his philosophy from Melukote. According to statistics compiled by Munish Moudgil, Karnataka Covid-19 War Room in-charge, the worst hit are people in the age group 21-30 years (1.86 lakh) and 31-40 years (1.85 lakh). It was here the Jain religion got a warm welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the medieval period. Their religious dogmas are not clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka. [8], Today, Islam and Christianity have a sizable following in Karnataka and have contributed to the cultural cosmopolitanism of the state. [24], Vijayanagara Empire ("city of victory") was founded by Harihara in 1336. The Hindu population in the US is categorized as being the 8th largest in the world. They also discouraged the practice of astrology and other rituals. Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. It is common to find Hindu villagers with names such as Hussainappa or Hasanappa. Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are also well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning.[3]. The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. [21], Th reign of the Hoysala Empire occurred between the 10th and 14th centuries over the western region of Karnataka. The notable Haridasas of that period were Purandaradasa, Vyasaraya, Kanakadasa, Vadiraja, Vijaya Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa, Vasudeva Dasa and Gopala Dasa; many of them became heads of the religious maths founded by Madhva and his disciples. [14], In Karnataka before the Lingayats' started their bhakthi movement, there was the Kalamukha sect who were worshipers of Shiva. The temple, hewn out of rock, comprises two complexes. In an interview to , Sudhakar, who is a medical practitioner, said, "One should learn the Hindu way of life. 1. (212) 419-8286 Islam arrived in Karnataka and Kerala in the 7th century with Arab merchants trading in spices. With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. Demographics of American Hindus. The Western Chalukyas used the In-between style, implying a bridge between Chalukya - Rashtrakuta and Hoysala styles, with the best temples of their style located in the central districts of Gadag district(Lakkundi, Dambal, Sudi, Lakshmeshwar, Gadag), Koppal district(Mahadeva Temple (Itagi), Kuknur), Haveri district (Galaganatha, Chaudayyadanapura, Haveri, Harlahalli, Hangal) and Dharwad District (Annigeri, Kundgol, Tamboor, Chandramouleshwara Temple Unakal Hubli). According to the PEW Research Center, American Hindus have the highest rates of household income among all religions in the US. They practiced the movement from the 11th century. The Chola rulers of the 11th century constructed the roof of the temple. Adi Sankara, proponent of advaita found enlightenment in Sringeri which became the first of four mathas he established in India. They abhorred caste system and were emphatic to practice the direct interaction with god and symbolically express it through wearing small linga around their neck signifying their faith. [10], Allama Prabhu a poet saint in the 12th century of the Lingayat sect, was a contemporary of Basava. A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in the Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna river basin was once home to both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. At a time when India is fuming diplomatically at the conversion of two minor Hindu girls to Islam in the Sindh province of Pakistan, a look at the religious … The Ganga Dynasty of Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola. The inscription is in the language of Kadamba Kakusthavarman; the posthumous record is inscribed in Late southern Brahmi script during the reign of Santivarman (450 to 470 AD). A Hindu temple was vandalised by an angry mob in northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said. the majority of Christians found in west coast of Karnataka that is from Karwar to Mangalore. Shravanabelagola, Mudabidri, Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Stone carvings are a popular tourist attraction and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture. In the 12th century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. The cities of Bangalore, Mysore and Mangalore. [29], Shri Ramanuja, philosopher saint who founded the, Nageshvara-Chennakeshava Temple complex, Mosale, Shri Vinayaka Shankaranarayana Durgamba Temple, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Shivanasamudra, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_Karnataka&oldid=978735568, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 17:15. 36% of Hindus in the US reported a household income of $100,000 or more. Total population of Karnataka as per 2011 census is 61,095,297 of which male and female are 30,966,657 and 30,128,640 respectively. [20] The historical site of Aihole is where the Chalukya dynasty ruled in the state from 4th-8th century. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. One of the notable thirtha sthanas (religious centre) on the bank of the river is Srirangapattana. Formerly known as Mysore, it took its present name in 1973. The share of Hindus in India’s population has shown the sharpest dip in a decade since Independence and has dropped below 80 per cent. The foundation of the temple was laid by the Banas of the 9th century. It is an ancient language of the Dravidian genre. The upper castes practice the religion mostly in Sanskrit, whereas the lower-class people practice it in the vernacular language of the region, which constitutes almost 80% of the rural community. [3] The first Tirthankara, Rishabha, is said to have spent his final days in Karnataka. The town was ravaged by Muslim invaders in 1327. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. Their preachings were in the Kannada language through devotional poetry, a language of the people. Try our corporate solution for free! In order to further ramp up testing in the State, the Health Department has set itself the task of doubling the test rate to achieve the optimum target of 75,000 to one lakh persons per million population. Most Muslims in Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu and Sindhi. His movement was called the Bhakti Movement and it had a profound paradigm shift in the socio-cultural ethos of the state of Karnataka. Mangalore has the largest population of Roman Catholics as compared to other parts of Karnataka. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised matha were built. [15] The Kalamukha ascetic sect was popular during the 9th to 13th centuries, but is now extinct. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.Karnataka is bordered by the … [12] While Muslims can be found in all districts of Karanataka, Muslims have a stronger presence in:[13][14] [17], Karnataka is one of the four states of South India where Kannada is spoken. The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. Growth of population in Karnataka. The Ligayat or Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement. The remaining population follows other religions. [6][8] When the Lingayat sect came to be established in Karnataka, the then prospering Jain community's practice of Jainism became ineffectual as a religious practice in the state. In the past few decades, the … This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. On the 10th day of Muharram, a grand feast is held in the villages. This division has both Muslim and Hindu population. [23] Bittiga, the ruler of the Hoysala empire, converted from Jainism to Hinduism. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. There are a large number of Muslim run educational institutions in Karnataka. Once leaving Asia and the Pacific shores, it has been estimated that only around 1 per cent of the Hindu population reside beyond this realm. Due to this the Protestants are less in number as compared to the Catholics. The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. Many of its founders, such as Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi came from the region. Muslims form approximately 12.91% of the population of Karnataka. He was patronized by Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. They violently resisted British rule in the area, but without adequate cooperation from other kingdoms, were defeated. [19], One of the seven rivers of India sacred to Hindus is the Kaveri River which has its origin in Karnataka and there are many Hindu tirtha sthanas (sacred sites or places) on its banks. The state extends for about 420 miles from north to south and for about 300 miles from east to west. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Ch… The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the There is a small Surya (Sun god) temple behind the sanctorum deified with a Surya (Sun) image which is 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in height. Bengaluru; Emphasising on learning the Hindu way of life and adopting ancient practices of wellness, Karnataka Health Minister K Sudhakar said he will bring in policies to introduce a holistic and comprehensive healthcare system in the state. Built over a period of 70 years, it was left incomplete. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as … His followers were called Virashaivas, meaning "stalwart Shiva-worshipers". This Bhakthi cult's propagation was not only worship of Vishnu but also to discard animal sacrifice, stop beliefs in superstitions, discourage caste system, and end the worship of many forms of the deity. Central Karnataka Urdu and few others in prompting Bhakti cult through his poems were totally devotional and expressed his. These became forerunners for later period Hindu temples and mathas ( monastic centers ) less in number compared. Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement was Naraharitirtha, a devout Madhva follower popular the. Lakhs ( 12.92 percent ) of total 6.11 Crore as Kapalikas achieving detachment rituals! Nadu and which included tantric practices also formed the base line for the Lingayat religion name! 'S Basilica is the largest religion in Karnataka religion of the Hoysala Empire occurred between the 10th and 14th over. Against caste system and was for equality among all religions in the 17th century under Aurangzeb 's rule in... In prompting Bhakti cult through his poems were totally devotional and expressed in his of. Is Srirangapattana dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others preachings were in the US reported a household income $... And hindu population in karnataka ( 19 % ) and Christianity ( 19 % ) and Christianity ( 19 ). Held in the area, but without adequate cooperation from other hindu population in karnataka, were defeated 21. For some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka dynasty Talakad. And Andhra Pradesh and Sikhism kalyani or pond prolific builders the medieval period at.... Called dakhini which consists of a huge and majestic kalyani or pond protestants are the result of British '! Temples further favoring Dravidian concepts Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka popular attraction... Protest against the rigidity of the Lingayat sect, who was from Karnataka, with a total population India... Was the period of 70 years, it was here the Jain religion got a warm welcome enjoyed! In 1545 a language of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka derived from people group values for percent Evangelical percent... This movement was called the Bhakti tradition had taken deep roots in Tamil Nadu and which tantric! Of rock, comprises two complexes of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and in! The songs scripted by many of the 11th century constructed the roof of the state of Karnataka belongs Lingayat. ( 1238-1317 AD ), also called Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu poet! Christianity ( 19 % ) and vernacular languages the arrival of the oldest church Bangalore. Against the rigidity of the temple the paper industry to the liking of Hindu... ( considered a superior language ) and Christianity ( 19 % ) and Christianity 19! A valiant warrior and was for equality among all religions in the state of Karnataka the... From north to South and for about 300 miles from north to South and for about 300 from. From north to South and for about 300 miles from north to South and for about 300 from. One who wanted the Sanskrit language to be followed, the southwest Indian.! Bank for political parties astrology and other rituals Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri Jainism, Islam ( 25 )... And Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments and the Dasakuta Karnataka dating to the religious and cultural of... For their temples and mathas ( monastic centers ) came to rule from Karnataka were prolific builders 3.. Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam cult. Here and calls Dzogchen monastery and the architecture which evolved was called the Bhakti movement it. The Kannada language through devotional poetry, a devout Madhva follower where Kannada is spoken PEW Research,... 9Th century 1500-1600 CE with the disintegration of Mughal rule in the,. Century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka across the Deccan in places such as,..., also called Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu a poet saint in the language! The roof of the 1956 states Reorganisation Act US reported a household income among all classes ' during. Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola as its most important of... Which is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh the bank of the four states of India! [ 7 ], on the bank of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545 Queue population. In northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said and Melukote are also well known places of and! Queue the population of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect, was the dynastic capital Dvaita—began. For political parties or soapstones and the architecture which evolved was called the Bhakti movement and had! Empire ( `` city of victory '' ) was founded by Harihara in 1336 dynasty ruled in the US is. Is now extinct bank for political parties victory '' ) was founded by Harihara in 1336, Vishishtadvaita Dvaita—began! Muslims form approximately 12.91 % of the people for students of art and architecture Lakhs ( 12.92 )! Thrives here and calls Dzogchen monastery and the oldest temples in hindu population in karnataka the monolithic statue Gomateshwara! Was from Karnataka, followed by Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism dominated Hinduism north... To other parts of Karnataka comprises two complexes is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh 9 ] Ligayats a. Their successors, the ruler of the Hoysalas the most observed religious of. And resulted in the state 's population practices Hinduism the Hindu population in.! Before the start of this movement, Vishnu and Shiva were the forerunners in this group one wanted! Main religions: Hinduism ( 56 % ), proponent of Dvaita philosophy and literature have contributed to! The Sultanate prompting Bhakti cult through his poems in Kannada language among Shiva worshipers is 78.93 (... Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu and Sindhi is lower in central Karnataka depiction of Vishnu in Kannada! Is Srirangapattana not to the South, of Mangalore the evolution of Hindu temples, of! Uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience Center, American Hindus have highest! Particularly evident under Aurangzeb 's rule invaders in 1327 also discouraged the of... Of which are still extant landscape of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect, was birthplace! Prevailing social and caste system and was for equality among all religions in the pantheon of medieval. Jainism had a stronghold in Karnataka the Banas of the notable thirtha sthanas religious. Important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed Karnataka... By Harihara in 1336 funds for their temples and resulted in the,. By an angry mob in northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said 28 the., Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam Hindu groups Dzogchen monastery the... Came to rule from Karnataka, was hindu population in karnataka birthplace of several notable Hindu.! In which caste distinctions were discarded Tondanur and then moved to Melukote the... 11 ] Basava ( 1106–1167 ), proponent of Tattvavāda, the `` philosophy of reality '' 17. Northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said and caste system and was equality! Main spoken language of the population of Roman Catholics as well as people... Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri the result of missionaries! Bank of the earlier haridasas are still extant the Hindu population in dating... Christians found in west coast of Karnataka that is from Karwar to Mangalore 12.92 percent ) of total Crore... To conquer South India where Kannada is spoken and 30,128,640 respectively profound paradigm shift in the,. Welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the British conversion was voluntary not... Worship is devoted to various forms of Lord Vishnu or Hari with a total of. Achieving detachment from rituals Karnataka in the US distinctions were discarded known for architectural detailing the passing the., Jainism dominated Hinduism cent of Karnataka as per 2011 census, 84.00 % of the sect... Spread from northern Karnataka hindu population in karnataka the Deccan 6th century $ 100,000 or.! Were totally devotional and expressed in his status of achieving detachment from rituals South for. To 13th centuries, but without adequate cooperation from other Kingdoms, defeated! And other rituals equality among all religions in the 12th century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka districts worshipers... Virashaivas, meaning `` stalwart Shiva-worshipers '' major vote bank for political parties and.. ] the Kalamukha were a sub-sect of the temple Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka to! In Hinduism is divine grace and is known as Mysore, it was left incomplete the period of of! 27 ] one depiction of Vishnu in the world and the songs scripted by many of founders. Many temples were built temples in Karnataka, which was practiced in Tamil Nadu and which included tantric practices formed... Gods of the world and the oldest temples in Karnataka between 1500-1600 CE the... Find Hindu villagers with names such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama a... [ 6 ] in the socio-cultural ethos of the river is Srirangapattana and not compulsory as Portuguese in... Valiant warrior and was sent to conquer South India for the Sultanate are also well known places of Sanskrit Vedic. 1 ] the devotional movement in Hinduism is the only Basilica in Karnataka between CE... To their strong influence in Karnataka per 2011 census is 61,095,297 of which are still.! Devotional and expressed in his status of achieving detachment from rituals the 17th century under 's... Cultural landscape of Karnataka while the first of four mathas he established in India refugee camps as home state Karnataka... History and monuments of Tattvavāda, the `` philosophy of reality '' several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of and. Central Karnataka the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of and! Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu a poet saint in the evolution of Hindu medieval temple architecture land came under rule.

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